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Could Interventions Improve Teenage Sexual Wellness?
Could Interventions Improve Teenage Sexual Wellness?
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Article Author : csatchell (March 29, 2013)

Participating in a youth development intervention could make all the difference to a teenager’s sexual wellbeing. This is according to the results of a randomised controlled trial, which found that teenage girls at increased risk of pregnancy reported more regular use of condoms, oral contraception, or both after attending in such an intervention.

For the study, which was published online by JAMA Paediatrics, over 250 sexually active teenage girls participated the Prime Time youth development intervention. The Prime Time intervention is designed for American primary care medical centres, to improve the sexual health of girls who are at increased risk of getting pregnant. Research presented last year at the American Public Health Association’s 140th Annual Meeting, showed that low literacy rates in pre-teen girls significantly predict child-bearing among adolescents in the US.

Six months after the intervention was completed, Renee E Sieving, RN, PhD, FSAHM, of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, and colleagues observed sexual risk behaviours and outcomes with a two-year follow-up questionnaire. By teaming up with case managers and intervention components, including youth leadership, the main aim of the study was to encourage change in certain psychosocial attributes associated with sexual risk behaviours and other behavioural wellness outcomes. 93.3% of the 253 sexually active girls between 13 and 17 years of age who met the specified risk criteria completed the 24-month survey.

The researchers reported, ‘Findings suggest that health services grounded in a youth development framework can lead to long-term reductions in sexual risk among vulnerable youth.’ At the 24-month follow-up, compared to the control group, the girls in the intervention group reported ‘significantly more consistent’ use of condoms, hormonal contraception, dual-method contraception (using both hormonal contraception and condoms). These girls also demonstrated improvements in family connectedness and self-confidence to say no to unwanted sex, as well as reductions in the perceived significance of having sex.

‘Together with previous findings demonstrating reductions in sexual risk behaviours, relational aggression and violence victimisation among Prime Time participants, results from this study suggest that involvement in a youth development intervention that combines individualised case management and youth leadership components holds great promise for preventing multiple risk behaviours among youth most vulnerable to poor health outcomes, including early pregnancy,’ the researchers concluded.

Child Wellness

Should we Avoid Gender Stereotype Toys?...
  Traditionally there has been a strong distinction between girls’ toys and boys’ toys. But in today’s modern world, should gender-specific toys be avoided?   Yes – Bethan The notion that girls should play with dolls while boys play with cars is so out-dated. I don’t think toys these days should be marketed as being either for girls or boys – surely it’s better just to make all toys suitable for anyone. After all, why wouldn’t a girl enjoy playing with cars or forts – just as boys can play with dressing-up sets? Toys traditionally have reflected the sort of adults we expect children to grow up to be. So a century ago, boys would have been given a toy gun while girls would have had a doll. But we’re not living in the past - today girls can aspire to becoming mechanics or engineers, or join the army just like boys. And most modern men take on their fair share of household chores so toys should reflect the progress society has made in sexual equality rather than just reinforcing outdated stereotypes. The main problem that I have is that toys that are marketed as ‘girls’ toys tend to suggest that the only things girls should be interested in are make-up, baking, cleaning, and having babies. Meanwhile, boys get to be super-heroes or play with exciting, noisy toys that actually do something. I hate the fact that my daughter’s bedroom is a sea of pink and sparkles – she’s not a Disney princess but all the toys she gets given seem to assume that’s what she should aspire to be.     No – Sheila We’ve always had different types of toys for girls and boys and that’s simply because they enjoy playing with different things. My granddaughters all love playing with dolls while my grandsons prefer cars. There’s nothing wrong in buying children toys that they will enjoy playing with but it seems to be fashionable now to ignore tradition. Why can’t we simply embrace the differences between the sexes rather than always trying to force boys and girls to like the same things? Toys are more than just play things – they help to prepare children for adult life. In the past when boys played with guns, it was to prepare them for war. Meanwhile, girls would play with dolls because they would one day become a mother. I appreciate that times have changed but the fundamental differences between men and women still exist. People seem to object girls’ toys in particular because they focus on being a housewife and mother – but what’s wrong with that? Criticising toys such as kitchen sets, ironing boards and dolls seems to be suggesting that there is something inferior about being a housewife and mother. No-one criticises boys’ toys in the same way. I think it would be better for modern parents to celebrate traditional girls’ toys as reinforcing the importance of women’s roles rather than criticising them. Finally, from a practical point of view, I know when I buy toys for children, it’s always easier to choose an appropriate gift when they are clearly marketed for boys or girls.
4 Secrets to Creating Loving Bonds Among Your...
  New and experienced parents often encounter many of the same problems during the formative and adolescent years of child rearing. Temper tantrums may give way to apathetic rebellion as time progresses, but almost everyone exhibits at least some of the same behaviors and personality traits from their childhood into adulthood. Rather than trying to curb unpleasant or unwanted behaviors, such as sibling rivalry, parents are encouraged to partner with their children to develop healthy habits, firm boundaries, and sound values.  

Avoid Making Comparisons

Although parents commonly attempt to encourage their children during difficult times by referring to an accomplishment of a sibling, this technique typically has the opposite effect on the child in need. Rather than telling a child who is struggling in math how easy it was for their brother to ace the exams, parents must stick with the facts. Focusing only on the issue or task at hand helps parents and children sort through the problem together without involving value comparisons. It also instills a sense of self-worth and confidence in children who experience feelings of anxiety or insecurity.  

Begin Integrating New Babies Early

Often older children begin to feel ignored and jealous of just-born siblings, so work hard to establish sibling connections as soon as you know you are expecting. By giving your older children “responsibilities,” you can help define new roles for them as helpers and caretakers. If they are old enough to behave themselves, even consider bringing them along to your appointments with high-risk obstetrician
Dr. Gilbert W. Webb or your particular physician in order to let your kids feel “in-the-know” and involved.  

Allow Limited Conflict

Noisy arguments and constant bickering between siblings can induce migraines for harried parents, but the occasional conflict among children actually serves to create a better understanding of one another. This form of sibling rivalry also teaches children how to interact with others without becoming overly aggressive. In addition, experience with arguments inside the home prepare children to compromise in other conflict situations.  

Offer Frequent Praise

There cannot be enough said about the effects of compliments and praise on developing children. Parents must take time to congratulate children on a job well done, whether it was taking out the trash or earning a perfect score on a difficult exam. Aim for at least three compliments per day for each child.   These secrets to creating familial bonds will serve siblings well in childhood and will translate into healthy adult relationships in the future. They are easy to implement and will begin to come naturally with time.  

Family Medicine

Do These 4 Things After Your Auto Injury to M...
  Injury stemming from automobile collisions and accidents tend to be the most problematic types of injury. They can result in paralysis of limbs, chronic pain in the back and extremities, and medical bills so costly that they can be just as crippling as the injuries you've sustained to your body. Below are four things that you should do after any auto injury to ensure that you can maintain the same quality of life that you had before your injury.  

1. Seek a Doctor

Doctors are some of your greatest allies when you've been part of an auto accident. They want to ensure that your injuries are properly diagnosed and treated so that you can be as healthy as possible. Seeking medical attention immediately after an auto accident is generally the best idea. Doctors will help you prove that your injuries were sustained in the accident, and your prognosis for recovery is better
the sooner your injuries are treated.  

2. Follow Your Treatment Plan

Depending upon your injuries, you may be given a treatment plan after you see your doctor. It's important to follow such plans, as they will greatly increase your quality of life after the incident occurs. For example, consider an accident that affected your shoulder. Orthopedic treatment can increase the range of flexibility, reduce soreness and eliminate chronic pain when performed in accordance to your health provider's advice.  

3. Acquire a Lawyer's Help

Your auto injury may put you in a position where you have hefty hospital bills and other costs related to retaining your quality of life after the accident. Finding an attorney from firms like Bachus & Schanker Law, can help you find a way to protect your legal rights while acquiring a form of compensation to help you with those costs.  

4. Always Maintain a Positive Outlook

The last major thing you should do after any automobile injury is to retain a positive outlook. The power of doing so can help your injuries heal faster and increase your quality of life even if your injuries may alter your life even after they heal.  

Improving Your Quality of Life after an Auto Injury Requires You to Do Your Part

Nothing about recovering from an automobile-related injury is ever easy due to the severity and complexity that most injuries present. The only good news is that you have your entire life ahead of you in such a situation. By doing your part to protect your rights and seek the proper treatment, you can minimize your injuries while retaining a quality of life that reflects the quality you had before your accident occurred.  
5 New Dental Products that You Need to Add to...
    You might look at the dental industry and think that nothing has changed in years. A toothbrush is still a toothbrush, and there’s nothing fancy you can do with floss. Well, if you think that you are set with a toothbrush and some floss, your medicine cabinet is missing out on a lot. New dental products come on the market a lot more frequently than you might realize, and having a few extra products in your arsenal will make proper home dental care much easier. The following items are exciting new dental products on the market that every health conscious person should consider adding to their medicine cabinet.  

SmartMouth Advanced Clinical Formula Mouthwash

Using SmartMouth is a smart decision for a mouthwash with true longevity. Its sales slogan is "SmartMouth is the only mouthwash that kills germs and provides fresh breath for 12 hours." It also gets I.Q. points for preventing plaque and gum disease. So what is the genius ingredient behind SmartMouth? Its FDA-approved zinc ions. The Better Business Bureau backs up the statements made by SmartMouth. Clinical studies and peer reviews verify its claims. You may wonder what makes zinc ions so smart. These aggressive entities attack biofilm and block the production of sulfur compounds. Although many mouthwashes kill bacteria and eliminate existing sulfur compounds, only SmartMouth prevents the emergence of new ones.
SmartMouth also gets bonus points for being alcohol-free and safe for diabetics and children.  

Crest Complete Multi-Benefit Extra White + Scope Outlast

Customer reviews give this new toothpaste 5 stars for a fresh-breath feeling that lasts up to 5 times longer than regular toothpaste. They also verify Crest's claim of revealing a whiter smile. Additionally, the toothpaste protects against tartar and cavities. People report their mouth feels as fresh as after a professional cleaning. They also rave about the peppermint flavor. They like the clean feeling so much that they change their snacking habits. To maintain that fresh feeling, some people are turning away from unhealthy food. Garlic and onion lovers, you'll be happy to hear that the toothpaste eliminates the tell-tale odor of these foods.  

Enamelon® Toothpaste

Enamelon is the new superhero against tooth sensitivity. Its patented re-mineralizing formula also prevents cavities and gum disease. Enamelon's trio of weapons includes fluoride, calcium, and phosphate. These ingredients team up against the pain of cold, heat, contact, acids, and sweets. Enamelon is unique among toothpastes because it's free of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS). This ingredient acts like soap, using a foaming action that dissolves plaque. However, SLS impedes the act of fluoride deposition. The absence of SLS in Enamelon makes it more effective in preventing cavities. It promotes twice the fluoride uptake of other toothpastes. Another unique ingredient in Enamelon is the herb "spilanthes." It stimulates the flow of saliva, which prevents tooth decay. It also puts the tingle in this toothpaste. Enamelon was first introduced in the 1990's, as a sodium fluoride toothpaste. The new formula contains stannous fluoride. This form of fluoride has the added advantage of killing bacteria. With a one-two punch against plaque and bacteria, stannous is more effective at preventing cavities and gum disease.High-fluoride preparations are typically only available at dental offices. Enamelon brings the benefits of stannous fluoride directly to the consumer.  

Sonicare DiamondClean Electric Toothbrush

This gem of a toothbrush is clinically proven to remove up to 5 times more plaque than a manual toothbrush. It's reported to whiten teeth in 1 week and improve gum health in 2 weeks. It has 5 modes: clean, gum care, white, polish, and sensitive. The ergonomic handle is Sonicare's slimmest and lightest to date, and the toothbrush has two charging modes. DiamondClean is a cleaning dynamo, reaching deeply between teeth and along the gum line. However, its vibrating action is gentle, courtesy of diamond-shaped bristles. Two brush head styles are provided, standard and compact. A 2-minute timer helps you to brush the time recommended by dentists. A quad-pacer timer divides the time, so you cover all four quadrants of the mouth.Battery life is an impressive 3 weeks.  

Crest Glide Comfort Plus Dental Floss

Cresting this year's Top 10 Flosses is Crest Glide. This new floss is softer than original Glide. It slides easily between teeth without shredding and is gentle on gums. It imparts a fresh minty taste, a nice incentive for flossing. Floss releases easily from the unit, so you don't have to fight with the dispenser. Dentists agree that it is tops for gently removing food debris, without fraying. Tough on plaque but soft on the gum line, it gets 5 stars from consumers and dentists.   Now your medicine cabinet will be complete with the newest, most effective dental products to date. With your new floss, toothpaste, toothbrush, and rinse, you'll enjoy the benefits of a healthy mouth, and your next dentist visit will be quick and painless. The information for this article was provided by the professionals at the Dental Career Academy, who offer dental training programs in Utah.    


Four Injuries Where You May be Entitled to Co...
  Sometimes, accidents just happen. You may fall down a perfectly clean and well-lit staircase due to losing your balance, or your car may hit a patch of black ice and slam into a pole. However, some injuries occur due to someone's willful actions, inattention or negligence. In these cases, you may be entitled to compensation to cover you medical bills, pain, suffering, future loss of income and other expenses. Here are four types of injuries that may entitle you to compensation.    

Domestic Animal Bites

It is the pet owner's responsibility to make sure their animal is well-trained and does not harm others. If a pet can't be trusted, it should be kept muzzled or in another room. However, some pet owners are irresponsible. These injuries can be disfiguring, as well as can cause emotional disturbances such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). If you've suffered a mauling or animal bite, you are likely entitled to some compensation.    

Hit by a Drunk Driver

Driving while intoxicated is perhaps one of the most irresponsible things a person can do. Not only is it a crime, it's the sort of behavior that has the potential to hurt many others in addition to yourself. If you were hit by a drunk driver, there is no excuse. Whether you were driving, cycling or walking, you need to speak to a lawyer about your specific case.    

At-Fault Car Accidents

Not every car accident involves clear fault, but many do. If the driver causing the accident was texting while driving, was driving carelessly or violated traffic laws, you likely have the right to compensation. This is also true if the driver who caused the accident was speeding or acting recklessly. Talk to a lawyer before you sign any paperwork or accept any deals, especially if their insurance company is pressuring you as this may be a sign that they know they are liable.    

Failure to Properly Maintain Property

Anyone can lose their balance and fall down a flight of clean, dry, well-lit steps. However, business owners are required to make sure their properties are well maintained. If you slipped and fell on ice or tripped over a hole in the carpet, you may be entitled to compensation.     Not every accident involves fault. However, there are plenty of injuries caused by incidents that could have been avoided all together had the person or persons involved been more careful. If you have been injured in an accident where someone else was at fault, you should speak to legal counsel before accepting a settlement.     Information Source:
5 Tips to Accident Compensation for Back Inju...
Back injuries following an accident can have long-lasting consequences, so it is imperative for you to look into your options if someone else's negligence was at fault. After all, back problems can be one of the most difficult things to heal from, and this could even make it necessary for you to alter your lifestyle and career. Additionally, the medical bills associated with this type of injury are often extremely expensive. Fortunately, there are a few different techniques that you can utilize to help you collect compensation for this medical problem.   1. Retain an Experienced Accident Attorney  Regardless of whether your back injury occurred at work or as a result of a traffic accident, you have the legal right to take action against any negligent party that was involved in the incident. Although the state you live in will determine exactly what you can sue for, it is common for accident attorneys to help you gain compensation for lost wages, medical bills, punitive damages and pain and suffering. For example, if you are injured on the job in Miami, an accident lawyer can help you determine if it makes more sense to file a lawsuit than a workers' compensation claim.   2. Adhere to Your State's Statute of Limitations  One of the best reasons to hire an attorney immediately is to help ensure that you do not let too much time pass. Unfortunately, your state's statute of limitations restricts your ability to legally file a lawsuit. If you wait too long, you will not be able to receive any compensation for your injuries.   3. Document and Keep Record of Everything  If you end up in a courtroom, it will be critical for you to be able to provide documentation that verifies your injury and how it occurred. Due to this, you should keep a copy of everything that your physician gives you, and it is also a good idea to photograph the scene of your accident if possible.   4. Keep All of Your Medical Appointments  It can be difficult to convince a judge or jury that you should receive compensation for your back injury if you fail to take the proper medical steps to help yourself get better. Therefore, you should be prepared to prove that you want to every medical appointment, including any that were scheduled for you by your employer.   5. Do Not Take Any Unnecessary Risks Some people destroy their chance of winning an injury lawsuit by doing something unwise such as helping a family member move before they are completely healed. Taking this unnecessary risk could cause you to deal with additional medical complications that will not be covered by your lawsuit, and it can also provide the defendant with the opportunity to photograph you doing something that will conflict with your injury claim.   Although a back injury is extremely painful, you need to make sure that you do not let this cloud your judgment and get in the way of your ability to take legal action. Therefore, you should contact an attorney right away because they will be able to advise you step-by-step throughout the entire process.     About the Author: Lisa Coleman shares several tips on how to help ensure compensation for injuries following an accident. She recently read at about the different kinds of compensation an accident victim can receive for such injuries.     Photo Credit: