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Could Interventions Improve Teenage Sexual Wellness?
Could Interventions Improve Teenage Sexual Wellness?
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Article Author : csatchell (March 29, 2013)

Participating in a youth development intervention could make all the difference to a teenager’s sexual wellbeing. This is according to the results of a randomised controlled trial, which found that teenage girls at increased risk of pregnancy reported more regular use of condoms, oral contraception, or both after attending in such an intervention.

For the study, which was published online by JAMA Paediatrics, over 250 sexually active teenage girls participated the Prime Time youth development intervention. The Prime Time intervention is designed for American primary care medical centres, to improve the sexual health of girls who are at increased risk of getting pregnant. Research presented last year at the American Public Health Association’s 140th Annual Meeting, showed that low literacy rates in pre-teen girls significantly predict child-bearing among adolescents in the US.

Six months after the intervention was completed, Renee E Sieving, RN, PhD, FSAHM, of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, and colleagues observed sexual risk behaviours and outcomes with a two-year follow-up questionnaire. By teaming up with case managers and intervention components, including youth leadership, the main aim of the study was to encourage change in certain psychosocial attributes associated with sexual risk behaviours and other behavioural wellness outcomes. 93.3% of the 253 sexually active girls between 13 and 17 years of age who met the specified risk criteria completed the 24-month survey.

The researchers reported, ‘Findings suggest that health services grounded in a youth development framework can lead to long-term reductions in sexual risk among vulnerable youth.’ At the 24-month follow-up, compared to the control group, the girls in the intervention group reported ‘significantly more consistent’ use of condoms, hormonal contraception, dual-method contraception (using both hormonal contraception and condoms). These girls also demonstrated improvements in family connectedness and self-confidence to say no to unwanted sex, as well as reductions in the perceived significance of having sex.

‘Together with previous findings demonstrating reductions in sexual risk behaviours, relational aggression and violence victimisation among Prime Time participants, results from this study suggest that involvement in a youth development intervention that combines individualised case management and youth leadership components holds great promise for preventing multiple risk behaviours among youth most vulnerable to poor health outcomes, including early pregnancy,’ the researchers concluded.

Child Wellness

Five Ways to Relieve Your Child's Anxiety At ...
  By Karleia Steiner   A visit to the dentist doesn't need to be synonymous with a visit to see the boogeyman. The fear that comes with dental visits is a learned one. If practiced while children are young, dental visits can be as cool as the mint mouthwash at the end of a cleaning. Listed below are five ways to relieve your child's anxiety at the dentist.   1. Dental Hygiene Habits As soon as a child receives their first tooth, make a big deal about it. Celebrate it as a milestone that marks their growth. Allow them to take a picture and proudly smile to show it off. While the excitement lingers, stress the importance of taking good care of the teeth. A child should own (and use) their special toothbrush, toothpaste and floss. Make it an unavoidable part of their daily routine. This will help oral health be viewed as a priority and a joy!   2. Regular Visits As often as recommended by the dentist, make regular visits a priority. The more a child visits the dentist, the more they'll get used to the environment and the anxiety will eventually dissipate.   3. Conversation  A child will naturally ask questions about a visit to the dentist. Keep the conversation as positive and upbeat as possible. It's important not to lie to a child but don't use words that might scare them out of the chair like needle, drill, or bloody mess.   4. Choice of Dentist Do personal due diligence and find a dentist that will cater to the needs and sensitivities of a child. Not all dentists know how to be kind and pleasant to little clients. Sometimes, dental visits for children might arrive with the infamous meltdown. Dentists with good bedside manor like Dr. Bryan Murrayare expectant of these situations from children and are well-equipped to handle them. Selecting the perfect dentist can literally make or break the situation so choose wisely.   5. Special Event When it's time to visit the dentist, make it a special event the child learns to be excited about. Create an itinerary for the day so that the dentist is just a stop in between other fun places like the zoo and the child's favorite restaurant. With such a fun-filled day, it's hard to make the dentist seem like a chore or an unwanted place to visit!   While these tactics can help relieve a child's anxiety about a visit to the dentist, keep in mind that things may go south just because children are creatures of unexpected behavior. One minute, they might be excited. After sitting in the chair for a while, they might get frustrated. As the parent, be supportive, loving and compliant with what the dentist requests so that the experience can be a smooth as possible for everyone involved!  
5 Steps to Treating Spider Bites in Children...
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Family Medicine

Family Check Up: Best Ways to Keep Your Healt...
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War on the Homefront: Best Ways to Win Agains...
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Insurance

5 Tips to Accident Compensation for Back Inju...
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Rethinking Short-Term Disability Coverage...
Life insurance is the primary focus for most families when planning for their financial future. The loss of the breadwinner can be crippling both emotionally and monetarily yet few individuals think about having disability insurance. Because you are likely to experience a disability sometime in the span of your career, you may want to rethink your short-term disability insurance needs, especially if you hold the brunt of the financial duties in your household. Planning for the Unexpected As the major breadwinner, it is your responsibility to make sure your family does not lose everything because of your illness or injury. Short-term disability insurance allows you to take time off work when you have a critical unforeseen medical issue or a difficult pregnancy or after the birth of your child. Having this type of disability insurance in place has advantages for both you and your employer that includes job security, improved long-term health, and financial compensation. It protects everything that you have. Sometimes, an illness or injury can immobilise you. You might be faced with a mountain of hospital bills. You might be facing depression. You might be stressing over your health or the health of your baby. Don’t feel that you have to tackle all of it alone. You might want to consult with therapists, financial advisers, or a local attorney, such as Auger & Auger if you reside in North Carolina for instance, who deals with personal injury cases. Planning for Job Security For individuals without short-term disability insurance, staying on the job may be difficult, especially if you’ve been injured or have suffered a protracted illness. If you are unable to return to work, your employer must search for a replacement to take up the slack. And you are now faced with uncertainty for your future. Short-term disability provides a respite, so the employee can remain on the payroll books until their physical hardship has passed. Planning for Those Bills Since short-term disability covers typically two-thirds of the worker’s income, you’ll still have money coming into your household, and you’ll still be able to cover a portion of your monthly expenses. It’s the goal of your employer and insurance company to have you return to work as soon as possible so your full salary is not going to be covered. This is their incentive for you to not delay your return. Because Federal and State laws are in place, short-term disability can protect your position while you’re away. The laws are designed so that you can take the necessary time off to deal with the birth of a child or work through an injury or illness without having to worry about losing your job too. Since the laws are dependent on the particular state where you reside, you need to check with your employer first before requesting short-term disability insurance. Planning for Good Health A worker who doesn’t have short-term disability insurance may feel the need to work through the injury or illness. This could worsen their condition and place their health in jeopardy. By having this type of insurance, you can feel comforted knowing that you can seek the proper medical attention for your ailment, even if you have to miss work to do so. Knowing that you have a position when you return can even help you heal a lot faster. Getting the problem corrected immediately leads to better long-term health and fewer future headaches. Short-term disability insurance can be one of the most beneficial policies that you’ll ever purchase. Besides the advantage of earning income while being sick or injured, it allows you peace of mind knowing that your position will be secure when you are healthy and well again, and your family is able to stay afloat financially. Debbie Nguyen is a designer, writer and mother in the Atlanta area. Maintaining her health is key since she’s a freelancer. Auger & Auger is a personal injury law firm in the Charlotte, North Carolina area helping those faced with short-term disabilities.