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Could Interventions Improve Teenage Sexual Wellness?
Could Interventions Improve Teenage Sexual Wellness?
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Article Author : csatchell (March 29, 2013)

Participating in a youth development intervention could make all the difference to a teenager’s sexual wellbeing. This is according to the results of a randomised controlled trial, which found that teenage girls at increased risk of pregnancy reported more regular use of condoms, oral contraception, or both after attending in such an intervention.

For the study, which was published online by JAMA Paediatrics, over 250 sexually active teenage girls participated the Prime Time youth development intervention. The Prime Time intervention is designed for American primary care medical centres, to improve the sexual health of girls who are at increased risk of getting pregnant. Research presented last year at the American Public Health Association’s 140th Annual Meeting, showed that low literacy rates in pre-teen girls significantly predict child-bearing among adolescents in the US.

Six months after the intervention was completed, Renee E Sieving, RN, PhD, FSAHM, of the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, and colleagues observed sexual risk behaviours and outcomes with a two-year follow-up questionnaire. By teaming up with case managers and intervention components, including youth leadership, the main aim of the study was to encourage change in certain psychosocial attributes associated with sexual risk behaviours and other behavioural wellness outcomes. 93.3% of the 253 sexually active girls between 13 and 17 years of age who met the specified risk criteria completed the 24-month survey.

The researchers reported, ‘Findings suggest that health services grounded in a youth development framework can lead to long-term reductions in sexual risk among vulnerable youth.’ At the 24-month follow-up, compared to the control group, the girls in the intervention group reported ‘significantly more consistent’ use of condoms, hormonal contraception, dual-method contraception (using both hormonal contraception and condoms). These girls also demonstrated improvements in family connectedness and self-confidence to say no to unwanted sex, as well as reductions in the perceived significance of having sex.

‘Together with previous findings demonstrating reductions in sexual risk behaviours, relational aggression and violence victimisation among Prime Time participants, results from this study suggest that involvement in a youth development intervention that combines individualised case management and youth leadership components holds great promise for preventing multiple risk behaviours among youth most vulnerable to poor health outcomes, including early pregnancy,’ the researchers concluded.

Child Wellness

4 Secrets to Creating Loving Bonds Among Your...
  New and experienced parents often encounter many of the same problems during the formative and adolescent years of child rearing. Temper tantrums may give way to apathetic rebellion as time progresses, but almost everyone exhibits at least some of the same behaviors and personality traits from their childhood into adulthood. Rather than trying to curb unpleasant or unwanted behaviors, such as sibling rivalry, parents are encouraged to partner with their children to develop healthy habits, firm boundaries, and sound values.  

Avoid Making Comparisons

Although parents commonly attempt to encourage their children during difficult times by referring to an accomplishment of a sibling, this technique typically has the opposite effect on the child in need. Rather than telling a child who is struggling in math how easy it was for their brother to ace the exams, parents must stick with the facts. Focusing only on the issue or task at hand helps parents and children sort through the problem together without involving value comparisons. It also instills a sense of self-worth and confidence in children who experience feelings of anxiety or insecurity.  

Begin Integrating New Babies Early

Often older children begin to feel ignored and jealous of just-born siblings, so work hard to establish sibling connections as soon as you know you are expecting. By giving your older children “responsibilities,” you can help define new roles for them as helpers and caretakers. If they are old enough to behave themselves, even consider bringing them along to your appointments with high-risk obstetrician
Dr. Gilbert W. Webb or your particular physician in order to let your kids feel “in-the-know” and involved.  

Allow Limited Conflict

Noisy arguments and constant bickering between siblings can induce migraines for harried parents, but the occasional conflict among children actually serves to create a better understanding of one another. This form of sibling rivalry also teaches children how to interact with others without becoming overly aggressive. In addition, experience with arguments inside the home prepare children to compromise in other conflict situations.  

Offer Frequent Praise

There cannot be enough said about the effects of compliments and praise on developing children. Parents must take time to congratulate children on a job well done, whether it was taking out the trash or earning a perfect score on a difficult exam. Aim for at least three compliments per day for each child.   These secrets to creating familial bonds will serve siblings well in childhood and will translate into healthy adult relationships in the future. They are easy to implement and will begin to come naturally with time.  
Align That Smile: How to Treat Your Underbite...
  Underbites are a serious medical condition in which the lower jaw protrudes out and up. This abnormal positioning of the jaw can cause serious physical or cosmetic problems, and it almost always requires treatment.   Methods for correcting an underbite vary, but professionals agree that early treatment is best. Once the jaw stops growing, only drastic measures will correct a lingering underbite. The best time to begin treatment is before the age of 13, and oftentimes the dentist or orthodontist begin working with underbite cases as young as 8 years old.   Depending on severity, one or more of the following tactics can be used to correct an underbite.    

Braces (Children and Adults)

Braces are a familiar treatment for crooked teeth and misaligned bites. They are often the first step orthodontists from places like the
Brantford Mall Dental Office will take in an underbite diagnosis. For a child with less severe underbite, braces might be all the treatment they need. Adults awaiting corrective surgery may also use braces for 1-3 years before the surgery.    

Chin Caps (Children)

A chin cap consists of a cap on the chin attached to a strap wrapping around the back of the head. The pressure on the chin can gradual reduce how far the lower jaw protrudes. This could be worn by a child for a year or more.    

Palatal Expander (Children)

Expanders are made of wire and plastic and are worn on the roof of the mouth in order to expand the jaw. Turning a screw allows a gradual widening of the expander. A child would wear an expander for several hours a day over the course of several months.    

Reverse-Pull Masks (Children)

If a palatal expander fails to correct an underbite, the dentist might recommend a reverse-pull mask. This mask, which looks like a catcher’s mask, can be worn at the same time as the chin cap. An elastic strap runs from the mask to the upper rear molars, pulling the upper jaw forward. A child would wear the reverse-pull mask for most of his waking day.    

Surgery (Children and Adults)

For children, corrective surgery is only needed in the most severe cases. Underbites persisting into adulthood, however, require surgery to physically move the jaw.     While the best time to correct an underbite is in childhood, success is achievable at any age. These methods, when used properly, can give everyone suffering from an underbite the healthy mouth and beautiful smile they deserve.

Family Medicine

Dental Health in the UK vs the US: Three Diff...

The stereotype of the the gap toothed Brit-think Monty Python and 70s era David Bowie-has existed happily alongside the stereotype of the blinding wall of pearly enamel that is assumed to exist within the mouth of every American for many a year now, and both seem to be taken as gospel. But where do these stereotypes even come from? And do they even represent the contemporary dental truth of most Americans and Brits?

It’s thought that Brits first got their reputation for wonky smiles during the time just after World War II, in the days just before the creation of the NHS in 1948. GIs from the States who were waiting to go home found themselves in the presence of many citizens who had had their teeth removed for convenience’s sake (a common practice back then). They went back home and shared their experiences-and decades later, the stereotype still stands.   Fast forward to today, and between 2000 and 2010 the UK dentistry market grew by a whopping 46%. But the way that dental health is viewed in the UK is still wildly different from how it is seen in the US. How, you ask? Let’s take a look.   One: A rite of passage. While British children do get braces, in the US the practice of spending a few years with your mouth full of metal is almost seen as just another part of coming of age. This means that while American children with merely a tooth or two out of sorts will be expected to have money spent on straightening them out, it remains much more rare for a child in the UK in the same situation to be put through the expensive process of teeth straightening if it isn't truly needed for medial purposes.   Two: Popularity. While the UK boasts the ever popular NHS, braces are only covered for those under 18 if they are deemed "necessary". Meanwhile in the USA, dental insurance is commonly offered separately from regular medical coverage, meaning dental care falls to the wayside in both countries for a large segment of the population. Even so, nearly 3 million people in the States wear braces, while that number is just 1 million inside the UK.  

Three: Not bad, just irregular. It’s not that British teeth are bad, per se-it’s that they are unique! And the British revel in that uniqueness, seeing no need to change what doesn’t need fixing. In contrast, the need for a mouthful of unique teeth isn’t seen as such a good thing in the States, and uniformity is celebrated, to a certain extent. Just take a look at the most photographed citizens in either country-while the politicians, actors and musicians from both countries exceedingly have perfect pearly whites, it's the Brits who put less pressure on their big name individuals to straighten up (and whiten) that smile.

How to Create and Maintain a Healthy Home Env...
  By Emma Sturgis   A healthy home is a home that is clean, safe and free of harmful chemicals, germs and bacteria. There are various steps you can take to create a healthy home environment that gives you peace of mind.     Dust Dust makes your home environment unhealthy for everyone living there. It can be a serious concern for family members with allergies. Carpet is a magnet for dust. If possible, remove the carpeting in your home and replace it with wood, cork, tile or non-vinyl linoleum. If replacing the carpet is not an option for you, be sure that you vacuum your carpets several times a week using a good quality vacuum cleaner.   It's important to note that dust also quickly accumulates in corners, under furniture and in upholstery. A regular, thorough cleaning of these areas can eliminate household dust. According to an expert from Maid Brigade, consistently changing your furnace filter will also help keep the air in your home clean and dust-free.     Cleaning products Chemical-based cleaning products can be a hazard if you have children and pets living in your home. They are also harmful to the environment. To create a healthy home, use only green, eco-friendly cleaning products. You might also want to experiment with some of the many homemade cleaning product recipes you can find online.     Mold Mold is a health hazard that you don't want in your home. If you already have evidence of mold, you may need to get a professional to assist you with removing it. You can prevent mold from becoming a health hazard in your home by making sure moisture does not accumulate in your bathroom, basement, attic, around your windows, or in any other area of your home. Proper ventilation is a major factor in preventing mold. Exhaust fans for the bathroom, dehumidifiers for the basement and proper ventilation in the attic and throughout the house are ideal ways to prevent mold.   A dedication to cleanliness is one of the best ways to create a healthy home environment. Developing habits such as frequently wiping kitchen and bathroom countertops with a mixture of vinegar and water can keep them free of germs and bacteria. Another good habit for everyone in the house to develop is the removal of their shoes, either outside or just inside the door. A lot of germs and bacteria from the outside environment can be tracked into your home on the bottom of your shoes. With some heightened vigilance and the introduction of a few good habits, your home can become a healthy place for your family.  

Insurance

Four Injuries Where You May be Entitled to Co...
  Sometimes, accidents just happen. You may fall down a perfectly clean and well-lit staircase due to losing your balance, or your car may hit a patch of black ice and slam into a pole. However, some injuries occur due to someone's willful actions, inattention or negligence. In these cases, you may be entitled to compensation to cover you medical bills, pain, suffering, future loss of income and other expenses. Here are four types of injuries that may entitle you to compensation.    

Domestic Animal Bites

It is the pet owner's responsibility to make sure their animal is well-trained and does not harm others. If a pet can't be trusted, it should be kept muzzled or in another room. However, some pet owners are irresponsible. These injuries can be disfiguring, as well as can cause emotional disturbances such as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). If you've suffered a mauling or animal bite, you are likely entitled to some compensation.    

Hit by a Drunk Driver

Driving while intoxicated is perhaps one of the most irresponsible things a person can do. Not only is it a crime, it's the sort of behavior that has the potential to hurt many others in addition to yourself. If you were hit by a drunk driver, there is no excuse. Whether you were driving, cycling or walking, you need to speak to a lawyer about your specific case.    

At-Fault Car Accidents

Not every car accident involves clear fault, but many do. If the driver causing the accident was texting while driving, was driving carelessly or violated traffic laws, you likely have the right to compensation. This is also true if the driver who caused the accident was speeding or acting recklessly. Talk to a lawyer before you sign any paperwork or accept any deals, especially if their insurance company is pressuring you as this may be a sign that they know they are liable.    

Failure to Properly Maintain Property

Anyone can lose their balance and fall down a flight of clean, dry, well-lit steps. However, business owners are required to make sure their properties are well maintained. If you slipped and fell on ice or tripped over a hole in the carpet, you may be entitled to compensation.     Not every accident involves fault. However, there are plenty of injuries caused by incidents that could have been avoided all together had the person or persons involved been more careful. If you have been injured in an accident where someone else was at fault, you should speak to legal counsel before accepting a settlement.     Information Source:
ColoradoLaw.Net    
5 Tips to Accident Compensation for Back Inju...
Back injuries following an accident can have long-lasting consequences, so it is imperative for you to look into your options if someone else's negligence was at fault. After all, back problems can be one of the most difficult things to heal from, and this could even make it necessary for you to alter your lifestyle and career. Additionally, the medical bills associated with this type of injury are often extremely expensive. Fortunately, there are a few different techniques that you can utilize to help you collect compensation for this medical problem.   1. Retain an Experienced Accident Attorney  Regardless of whether your back injury occurred at work or as a result of a traffic accident, you have the legal right to take action against any negligent party that was involved in the incident. Although the state you live in will determine exactly what you can sue for, it is common for accident attorneys to help you gain compensation for lost wages, medical bills, punitive damages and pain and suffering. For example, if you are injured on the job in Miami, an accident lawyer can help you determine if it makes more sense to file a lawsuit than a workers' compensation claim.   2. Adhere to Your State's Statute of Limitations  One of the best reasons to hire an attorney immediately is to help ensure that you do not let too much time pass. Unfortunately, your state's statute of limitations restricts your ability to legally file a lawsuit. If you wait too long, you will not be able to receive any compensation for your injuries.   3. Document and Keep Record of Everything  If you end up in a courtroom, it will be critical for you to be able to provide documentation that verifies your injury and how it occurred. Due to this, you should keep a copy of everything that your physician gives you, and it is also a good idea to photograph the scene of your accident if possible.   4. Keep All of Your Medical Appointments  It can be difficult to convince a judge or jury that you should receive compensation for your back injury if you fail to take the proper medical steps to help yourself get better. Therefore, you should be prepared to prove that you want to every medical appointment, including any that were scheduled for you by your employer.   5. Do Not Take Any Unnecessary Risks Some people destroy their chance of winning an injury lawsuit by doing something unwise such as helping a family member move before they are completely healed. Taking this unnecessary risk could cause you to deal with additional medical complications that will not be covered by your lawsuit, and it can also provide the defendant with the opportunity to photograph you doing something that will conflict with your injury claim.   Although a back injury is extremely painful, you need to make sure that you do not let this cloud your judgment and get in the way of your ability to take legal action. Therefore, you should contact an attorney right away because they will be able to advise you step-by-step throughout the entire process.     About the Author: Lisa Coleman shares several tips on how to help ensure compensation for injuries following an accident. She recently read at http://www.miamicaraccidentlawyers.net/ about the different kinds of compensation an accident victim can receive for such injuries.     Photo Credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/armymedicine/5477269910/